BRUSSELS: US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen yesterday urged EU member states to reject austerity and take further stimulus measures to boost the European economy. The unusually blunt message from the former US federal reserve chief came as countries in Europe are divided on what to do next to help the EU economy and to support a post-pandemic recovery.
“Going forward, it is important that member states seriously consider additional fiscal measures to ensure a robust domestic and global recovery,” Yellen said in prepared remarks to a meeting of EU finance ministers in Brussels. While praising the EU’s economic response to the coronavirus so far, Yellen noted that: “I think we all agree that uncertainty remains high” and that public spending in Europe and the US should remain supportive through 2022.
Yellen also gave advice on how to redesign the EU’s budgetary rules going forward, urging that countries should have the ability to respond swiftly to a crisis, even if this meant running up deficits and debt. “An essential part of a durable recovery is creating an EU fiscal framework with sufficient flexibility to allow countries to respond forcefully to crises,” she said.
She said the EU’s spending rules should not lead to “pro-cyclical economic outcomes”, the technical term for choosing austerity over spending when a serious downturn hits. The advice goes against the path chosen by Europe during the eurozone debt crisis, when the EU, under the direction of Germany, imposed stringent budget cuts on crisis hit countries such as Greece, Portugal and Ireland.
In the pandemic crisis, Europe chose a different route, with the EU’s 27 member states adopting a historic 750-billion-euro ($885-billion) recovery plan, raised from fresh borrowing on the markets. That plan came despite the opposition of the so-called frugal states such as the Netherlands that want heavily indebted EU countries to embark on strict reforms in return of the financial aid.
Meanwhile, the European Commission said yesterday it would delay its plan to propose an EU digital tax in order to not jeopardize efforts to secure a global deal on fairer taxation. After an “extraordinary” breakthrough at G20 talks on Saturday, “we have decided to put on hold our work on a proposal for a digital levy”, an EU spokesman said, a day after Washington asked Brussels to delay its tax plan. Meeting in Venice, G20 finance ministers on Saturday endorsed a plan agreed by 132 countries to overhaul the way multinational companies, including US digital giants, are taxed.
The G20 called on negotiators to swiftly address the remaining issues and finalize the agreement by October. They approved the result of negotiations at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for a global minimum corporate tax rate of at least 15 percent, and to allow nations to tax a share of the profits of the world’s biggest companies regardless of where they are headquartered.
The European Commission has insisted its new levy plan, that was due to be unveiled later this month, would conform with whatever is agreed at the OECD and would hit thousands of companies, including European ones. Money raised from the digital tax is intended to help pay for the bloc’s 750-billion-euro post-pandemic recovery plan. Three EU countries-including Ireland, which has become a European base for a raft of US companies thanks to low tax rates-have yet to sign up to the OECD agreement. – AFP