N’DJAMENA, Chad: Chad’s President Idriss Deby Itno died yesterday from wounds sustained in battle after three decades in power, the army said, opening a period of uncertainty in a country that is a key strategic ally of the West. His son was immediately named transitional leader as head of a military council and both the government and parliament were dissolved, but the army vowed “free and democratic” elections after an 18-month transitional period.
The shock news of Deby’s death came only the day after the 68-year-old career military man was proclaimed the winner of a presidential election that had given him a sixth term in office. The army also announced a curfew and border closures. Deby had ruled Chad with an iron fist since taking power on the back of a coup in 1990 but was a key ally in the West’s anti-jihadist campaign in the troubled Sahel region.
‘Defending the nation’
The army said Deby had been commanding his forces at the weekend as they fought rebels who had launched a major incursion into the north of the country on election day, April 11. Deby “has just breathed his last breath defending the sovereign nation on the battlefield,” army spokesman General Azem Bermandoa Agouna said in a statement read out on state television.
The army said a military council led by the late president’s 37-year-old son Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno, a four-star general, would replace him. The council has already met to draw up a transitional charter, Agouna said, without elaborating. Deby’s son oversaw his father’s security as head of the elite presidential guard and often appeared alongside him, wearing the force’s red beret, dark glasses and military fatigues.
On Monday, the army had claimed a “great victory” in its battle against the rebels from neighbouring Libya, the Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT). FACT, which waged its attacks in the provinces of Tibesti and Kanem, had claimed in a statement that Deby had been wounded-a report that could not be confirmed.
A rebel group which launched an offensive against the regime in Chad from Libya last week vowed yesterday to march on the capital N’Djamena after the death of president Idriss Deby Itno. “We categorically reject the transition (being led by one of Deby’s sons),” said Kingabe Ogouzeimi de Tapol, spokesman for the Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT). “We intend to pursue the offensive,” the spokesman said, contacted by AFP from the Gabonese capital Libreville.
“Our troops are en route towards N’Djamena, but we will allow 15-28 hours for Deby’s sons to bury their father, according to tradition,” he added. Chad’s military had previously claimed to have “destroyed” the rebels after more than a week of fighting, saying on Monday that it had killed more than 300 and captured 150.
Ministers and high-ranking military brass had said Monday that Deby was in the region on Saturday and Sunday after the rebel offensive. Deby was among the world’s longest-serving leaders. Provisional results on Monday showed him winning re-election with almost 80 percent of the vote against nine challengers. His victory had never been in doubt, with a divided opposition, boycott calls, and a campaign in which demonstrations were banned or dispersed.
Deby was a herder’s son from the Zaghawa ethnic group who took the classic path to power through the army, and relished the military culture. He had campaigned for the latest election on a promise of bringing peace and security to the troubled region, but his pledges were undermined by the rebel incursion. The government had sought Monday to assure concerned residents that the offensive was over. Panic had been triggered in some areas of the capital N’Djamena on Monday after tanks were seen out on the city’s main roads, an AFP journalist reported.
The tanks were later withdrawn apart from a perimeter around the president’s office, which is under heavy security during normal times. “The establishment of a security deployment in certain areas of the capital seems to have been misunderstood,” government spokesman Cherif Mahamat Zene had said on Twitter. “There is no particular threat to fear.” However, the US embassy in N’Djamena had on Saturday ordered non-essential personnel to leave the country, warning of possible violence in N’Djamena. – AFP