Cheikh hoists his second wife Mareme onto his shoulder and carries her to their rose petal-covered bed, where he lays her down. The frolicking couple embrace and…. what happens next is left to the viewer’s imagination as the camera suddenly switches to a pair of white slippers, the bedroom door closes and the scene ends. In soap operas in other parts of the world, such coy depictions of sex would be considered unremarkable, even dreary. But in conservative Senegal, where even an on-screen kiss is rare, the self-described monitors of public morality are in uproar.
The show-“Maitresse d’un homme marie” (“Mistress of a married man”) — has also already been cautioned by the state’s media watchdog for being too racy. But defenders say the soap takes a desperately-needed look at relationship issues such as male abuse, the pain experienced by abandoned spouses and a woman’s right to sexual pleasure. “Maitresse d’un homme marie” follows five young women characters, all strong-minded, freewheeling city dwellers. Some start affairs with married men and-as in the case of Mareme-end up marrying them.
In Dakar’s Sicap Liberte 3 district, the Sene family is glued to its TV for the twice-a-week show. In between adverts blaring out the virtues of a brand of local rice, bubbly single mother Rose condemns the threat of censorship hanging over her favorite program. “Maitresse”, she says, holds up a mirror to hypocrisy and inequality in Senegal. “Men who criticize the series are the same ones who have mistresses and what they do to them is far worse than what you see on the screen,” she said. “They cast judgment on the women (in the show) because they are single, because they are in charge of their lives,” said Rose. “In Senegal, if you are not married by the time you are 30, you are not a good woman. In this country, it doesn’t matter even if you’re a huge success, if you’re not a man, you’re nothing.”
Launched in January, the show goes out at prime time on the commercial channel 2STV and is also avidly followed on YouTube, where each episode is watched between one and two million times. Devotion to the series is such that one actor was slapped by an elderly woman while exercising. “She told him, ‘Stop drinking and look after your family’,” the show’s executive producer, Kalista Sy, recounted, with a giggle. The West African state is predominantly Muslim-mostly following the Sufi strain-where public displays of affection or sex outside marriage are frowned upon.
Within weeks of the series’ launch, a powerful Muslim NGO, Jamra, asked the country’s audiovisual watchdog, the CNRA, to crack down. After deliberation, the CNRA on March 29 allowed the series to continue provided there were “corrective measures” to the script. Without these changes, the show would have to be screened late at night, or face being banned altogether. Everything seemed to be going fine until the 34th episode-the scene of Cheikh and Mareme canoodling on the marital bed.
“They crossed the red line. They offended a large proportion of Senegalese by broadcasting virtually pornographic content during the blessed month of Ramadan,” Jamra’s Mactar Gueye told AFP. “It is unthinkable that this apology for fornication and adultery continues in this form,” he said, in an interview at his home where a giant TV screen was turned on to a telenovela channel showing soap operas.
The female characters on “Maitresse” often bear the brunt of the moral messages-on-screen marriage-breakers, for instance, are verbally lashed by friends and family for their behavior. But for Senegalese feminist activist Fatou Kine Diouf, this finger wagging has had less impact on viewers than the theme of sexual emancipation. “The series shows women who are in charge of their sexuality. It will never get directly shown on screen but everyone is talking about it. In that respect, the series is really powerful.”
The soap opera’s set is a joyful buzz of actors, technicians and makeup artists, working up to 12 hours a day, six days a week. In a tired voice, Sy, the executive producer, says that male hostility, religious objections and technical hitches are her daily challenges. “But when young women watch the show and identify with characters that are like them, they are deeply touched,” she said. “And nobody can take that away from us.”-AFP