SRINAGAR: Indian security personnel stand guard in this file photo, near the site where a man was shot dead by unknown gunmen in the Karanagar area of downtown Srinagar. – AFP

SRINAGAR: As Prime Minister Narendra Modi set out his Taleban worries to world leaders this week, Indian forces staged raids and battled Kashmir militants who he fears could be emboldened by the Islamists’ victory in Afghanistan. Kashmir rebel shootings of civilians and police, raids by the security forces on militant hideouts, and insurgent infiltrations across the India-Pakistan ceasefire line have all increased in the Muslim-majority region since the Taleban overran Kabul on August 15.

About 40 people have been killed in shootings and clashes in the two months since then in the Himalayan region, which has been divided since India and Pakistan became independent in 1947. Militants have targeted minority Hindu and Sikh civilians, while gun battles near the ceasefire line have also left soldiers and rebels dead.

India has not openly blamed the Taleban takeover for the uptick in violence, but it has intensified patrols near Pakistani Kashmir and fortified some army camps, according to residents and security officials who spoke to AFP on condition of anonymity. Modi told a G20 summit in Rome earlier this week that international efforts were needed to make sure Afghanistan does not become a safe haven for “radicalisation and terrorism”. He has also raised India’s concerns with US President Joe Biden.

In September, he told the UN General Assembly that no country must be allowed to use Afghanistan “as a tool for its own selfish interests” – a comment widely seen as a reference to neighboring Pakistan, the chief backer of the Taleban’s 1996-2001 regime. This time, Islamabad has stopped short of recognizing the new Taleban government. Still, New Delhi accuses its arch-rival in Islamabad of fuelling Pakistan-based militant groups Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, which are blamed for many attacks in Kashmir. Pakistan denies the claim.

Weapons and fighters
India was a backer of the Soviet-puppet government in Kabul that was overthrown by mujahideen forces in 1992. In 2001 it helped the US-led forces that toppled the Taleban. And it was a major donor to the government that the hardline Islamists crushed in August. Afghan militants fought alongside Kashmir fighters in the 1980s and 1990s. About 20 Afghan “guest mujahideen” were killed and 10 were captured, according to a former Kashmiri fighter.

India worries that weapons and fighters could again reach the region, over which it has fought two wars against Pakistan. “What we can say and learn from the past is that when the previous Taleban regime was in power, that time definitely we had foreign terrorists of Afghan origin in Jammu and Kashmir,” said India’s military chief of staff General MM Naravane. “So there are reasons to believe that the same thing might happen once again.”

‘Oxygen to our movement’
Protests are virtually impossible in Kashmir because of restrictions imposed by Delhi since the region’s semi-autonomous status was revoked in 2019. But some in Kashmir have quietly welcomed the Taleban takeover of Afghanistan as a victory against the odds that they too can aspire to one day. “If they can defeat the world’s largest military power, we see a possibility that we too can win our freedom,” one businessman in the main Kashmir city of Srinagar told AFP, declining to be named. A former Kashmir militant who trained in Afghanistan in the 1990s and fought alongside Afghan mujahideen in Kashmir added: “The Taleban victory has already supplied oxygen to our movement.”

Given India’s security clampdown on Kashmir, Naravane and other military chiefs are confident that Delhi can cope with any surge. But speaking on condition of anonymity, a senior security official in Kashmir said “there is some panic” inside the security establishment. Michael Kugelman, a South Asia specialist at the Wilson Centre in Washington, said Afghanistan’s new rulers could inspire “stepped up unrest” in Kashmir.

Taleban officials have said they want to maintain trade and other ties with India, meaning that some kind of contact will have to be maintained. “The Taleban itself won’t agitate for unrest in Kashmir, but those it is aligned with likely will do so,” he said. Mosharraf Zaidi, a columnist and security analyst in Pakistan, said he saw no reason the Taleban would want to “deliberately agitate the Indian authorities”. Their victory, he believes, is more important for the signal it sends to “young Kashmiri boys and girls watching the images from Afghanistan”. – AFP