MARAWI, Philippines: Efforts to rescue up to 2,000 civilians trapped by fighting between troops and Islamist militants in a southern Philippine city failed yesterday when a proposed truce ended in a hail of gunfire and explosions, authorities and witnesses said. The civilians were pinned down nearly two weeks ago in the center of Marawi on Mindanao island, where gunmen loyal to the Islamic State group are holding out against a military assault. The government said 178 people have been killed so far.
Local authorities said government officials, working through intermediaries, had reached agreement with the militants to observe a four-hour ceasefire yesterday to let the trapped civilians leave. But the officials failed to secure agreement from their own military for the truce, provincial crisis management committee spokesman Zia Alonto Adiong told AFP. He said the military only allowed rescuers to access areas on the fringes of zones held by the militants, and barred them from entering bombed-out city blocks.
As a result only some 170-plus trapped residents were led to safety Sunday, according to the military. “We felt a bit disappointed and betrayed. We’re talking about lives of people, my God!” Adiong said. “There are 2,000 people who need immediate help (after) 13 days without food.” Gunfire and explosions, including from several artillery shells, later forced the rescuers to retreat, AFP journalists saw. There were contradictory reports on who was firing. “The military… did not approve entry into high-risk areas to avoid putting our humanitarians in danger and any possibility that may complicate the situation,” President Rodrigo Duterte’s spokesman Ernesto Abella said in a statement.
The chief delegate for the International Committee of the Red Cross in the southern Philippines told AFP those rescued yesterday were mostly men and appeared to be in relatively good health. By contrast, 14 of the nearly 200 rescued on Saturday had to be hospitalised, Roberto Petronio said. “These were mostly children who were suffering from diarrhoea and malnutrition,” he added.
The military has bombarded Marawi with air strikes and waged fierce street-to-street battles with hundreds of gunmen since they began a rampage through residential areas waving the black flags of the IS. A total of 120 gunmen including eight foreign fighters, 38 soldiers and police and 20 civilians have been killed, officials said, giving lower figures than previously for civilian deaths. Scores of people made a daring dash for safety on Saturday, including one of Marawi’s most respected politicians who had hidden 71 Christians in his home and led 144 people through downtown streets strewn with rotting corpses.
Yesterday’s ceasefire deal was initially reached following a meeting last week between Duterte and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the nation’s biggest rebel organization which offered to broker a halt in hostilities using contacts with the fighters in Marawi, Adiong told AFP. Unarmed MILF rebels were to have escorted the civilians to safety during a four-hour period ending at noon (0400 GMT). The main Muslim rebel groups like the MILF have signed accords with the government aimed at forging a final peace, giving up their separatist ambitions in return for autonomy.
But small hardline groups, including the Maute and Abu Sayyaf, which are involved in the Marawi battle, have refused to negotiate and sought to unite behind IS. Indonesia’s Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said on Sunday there are about 1,200 IS operatives in the Philippines. He was speaking at a security forum in Singapore. Philippine Defense Undersecretary Ricardo David, speaking at the same event, put the figure at about 250-400. The clashes in Marawi erupted when security forces raided a house to arrest Isnilon Hapilon, a veteran Filipino militant regarded as IS’ leader in the Philippines. He is on the US government’s list of most-wanted terrorists.
Authorities said they were taken by surprise when many gunmen emerged to protect Hapilon and then went on a rampage through Marawi, which has a population of 200,000. Shortly after the violence erupted Duterte imposed martial law across the southern region of Mindanao, home to 20 million people, to quell what he said was an IS bid to establish a base in the mainly Catholic Philippines. – AFP