MINYA, Egypt: Researchers in Egypt have discovered more than 40 mummies at a burial site in central Egypt dating to the Ptolemaic era, the antiquities ministry said yesterday. The mummies, including adults, children and animals, had been laid on the floor or in open clay coffins in a crumbling underground chamber in Minya governorate, said Antiquities Minister Khaled El-Enany. “So far we have more than 40 mummies,” he told officials and journalists during a ceremony at the Tunah Al-Gabal site, 260 km south of Cairo.
Archaeologist Rami Rasmi told AFP that “40 mummies were discovered, including 12 children and six animals, while the rest were adult men and women”. While mummification is mostly associated with ancient Egypt, the practice continued under the kingdom founded by Ptolemy, a successor to Alexander the Great, which lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC. The Minya graves, discovered during an excavation that started in February last year, are in a communal tomb “probably belonging to a petty bourgeois family”, the ministry said.
Archaeologist Mohamed Ragab said two tombs were discovered nine meters underground and contained more than six rooms. Shards of pottery and pieces of papyrus found at the site helped researchers to determine its date, said the head of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa Waziri. Ancient Greek rulers reached the height of their power between the conquests of Alexander the Great and the rise of the Roman empire.
The mummies, 12 of which were of children, were discovered inside four, nine-meter deep burial chambers. The identities of the mummies were still unknown, said Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. “We have not found names written in hieroglyphics,” he said, adding it was obvious from the mummification method that the individuals whose remains were found had to some extent held important or prestigious positions. Visitors, including ambassadors from several countries, gathered at the discovery site where 40 of the mummies were exhibited during the announcement ceremony. – Agencies