BEIJING: A lack of answers about vast explosions in the Chinese port of Tianjin yesterday reinforced questions about standards in the country, where campaigners say lives are sacrificed on a lack of respect for safety and poor implementation. At least 50 people died and more than 700 were injured in the nighttime blasts that devastated one of China’s showpiece industrial landscapes, incinerating imported cars and scattering shipping containers in a key port in the world’s biggest trader in goods. Officials could give no reason for the disaster at a storage facility for dangerous chemicals, saying only that “before the explosion, locals saw the fire and reported it”. “Only after firefighters reached the scene, then there was an explosion,” Zhang Yong, the head of Binhai New District, told a the press conference. The cause of the fire and explosion were still under investigation, Zhang said, declining to elaborate or provide any theories.
The panel of officials were peppered with questions about what chemicals were in the tanks that exploded, but refused to provide details, and the briefing ended abruptly with officials rushing off stage. “Clearly there is no real culture of safety in the workplace in China,” said Geoffrey Crothall, spokesman for Hong Kong-based China Labor Bulletin, which promotes worker rights. Only a year ago a massive explosion at a car parts factory in Kunshan, near Shanghai, left 146 workers dead, he pointed out. “The usual statements were made about how shocking this is and should never be allowed to happen again, but of course just a year later the same thing happens,” he said. “The problem is that there are a lot of rules and regulations about safety at work but they’re not enforced.”
‘Massive casualties’ There have been some improvements, at least statistically. Figures from the State Administration of Work Safety show that in the first six months of this year there were 139,000 industrial accidents and 26,000 deaths, decreasing by 7.5 percent and 5.5 percent, respectively, from the same period last year. In the coal sector-where China is the world’s largest producer-there have been significant changes for the better. Accidents in Chinese coal mines killed 931 people last year, a top work safety official said in March. Crothall, who said the figure was between 6,000 and 7,000 a decade ago, attributed the improvement to consolidation of the industry as many small mines were shut down. In 2013 a pipeline explosion at state-owned oil refiner Sinopec’s facility in the eastern port of Qingdao killed 62 people and injured 136, while a fire at a poultry processing plant in the northeastern province of Jilin killed 120 people. — AFP