Hollande vows to tackle foreign fighters

French president visits Iraq – Baghdad suicide car blast kills 32

BAGHDAD: Iraqis inspect a charred vehicle on the site of a bomb attack yesterday in Sadr City, a majority Shiite neighborhood in the northeast of the capital. (Inset) Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi greets Hollande prior to their meeting yesterday. — AFP/AP

ARBIL, Iraq: Western support for military action against the Islamic State group is key to preventing attacks at home, French President Francois Hollande said yesterday in Iraq, where yet another bombing killed dozens. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden car on a square in Baghdad’s Sadr City neighborhood, killing at least 32 people in the latest attack on the Iraqi capital claimed by IS.

France, one of the most active members of the US-led coalition fighting the extremist group, is particularly concerned over the return of a large contingent of French militants from Syria and Iraq. “Taking action against terrorism here in Iraq is also preventing acts of terrorism on our own soil,” Hollande said at a base where French soldiers have been training elite Iraqi forces. Hollande, the only major Western head of state to have visited Baghdad since the coalition was set up in 2014, stressed that supporting Iraq was one of the surest ways of securing Europe.

Of European countries targeted by terror attacks claimed or inspired by IS, France has been the worst hit, but attacks have also been carried out in Belgium and Germany. Besides the defeated fighters who are expected to return to Europe in the coming months, radicalized children who grew up in the “caliphate” IS proclaimed in 2014 are also seen as ticking bombs. “We will have to deal with the issue of the return of foreign fighters… who committed crimes, who brought their families with them, including in some cases very young children,” Hollande said.

Since it joined the United States in the coalition in September 2014, France says its warplanes have conducted 5,700 sorties, around 1,000 strikes and destroyed more than 1,700 targets. France has 14 Rafale fighter jets that are stationed in Jordan and the United Arab Emirates and taking part in coalition operations. It also has 500 soldiers training and advising elite Iraqi forces and CAESAR artillery vehicles stationed south of Mosul to provide support for ongoing operations to retake the city. Australia, Britain and Italy are also part of the 60-member coalition supporting Iraq’s efforts  against IS.

 2017 ‘year of victories’

Hollande said the recapture of Mosul, Iraq’s second city and the militants’ last major bastion in the country, was a matter of weeks but warned efforts should then focus on Raqqa in Syria. “If Daesh is eradicated in Iraq but remains in Syria, we know full well that acts will be carried out here in the Middle East but also on our own soil in France, in Europe,” said Hollande. He met Iraqi President Fuad Masum, a Kurd, and Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi, from the largest Shiite political bloc, and called for reconciliation and unity after IS is defeated.

He then flew to the northern city of Arbil, the capital of Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region, where he met local leader Massud Barzani. Hollande began his trip with a visit to a base near Baghdad where French forces are training Iraq’s elite Counter-Terrorism Service, the force that has spearheaded most major anti-IS operations in Iraq since 2014. It was CTS that first breached the city limits of Mosul late last year in an effort to retake it from IS.

But the going has been tough for Iraqi forces, partly because hundreds of thousands of civilians have remained in the city, slowing their advance. Abadi had promised his forces would rid the country of IS by the end of 2016 but he said last week that three more months would be needed to achieve that goal. Some observers argue the new timeline remains ambitious, given the continued presence of IS fighters in other parts of the country. Hollande predicted yesterday that 2017 would be “a year of victories” against terrorism but, while its “caliphate” appears doomed, IS still has the ability to sow chaos by attacking softer targets.

Deadly Baghdad bomb
A suicide car bomb blast killed at least 32 people and wounded more than 60 yesterday in Baghdad’s Shiite majority neighborhood of Sadr City. Police officials said the bomber struck on a square where daily laborers were waiting for jobs, causing one of the highest casualty tolls in the capital in months. Pictures posted on social media shortly after the explosion showed a huge plume of black smoke billowing into the sky and seriously injured people being evacuated. IS claimed responsibility for the attack via its propaganda agency Amaq, saying the “martyrdom operation” had killed about 40 people. It also claimed another bombing on Saturday that left at least 27 dead in a busy area of central Baghdad. – AFP

This article was published on 02/01/2017